The World Health Organization (WHO) defines corona viruses (COVID-19) as a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from common colds to more severe respiratory disease.
As with the SARS- CoV-2 outbreak in 2003 the COVID-19 is defined as an illness that causessevere acute respiratory syndrome.
The US National Institute of Health (NIH) have done some of the first tests of how long SARS-CoV-2 last on surfaces. Their study was published in the “new England Journal of Medicine”. The study shows that the COVID virus could survive in droplets for up to 3 hours after being coughed by air. This means that the virus can be circulated in unfiltered air conditioners.
The NIH study found that the SARS-CoV-2 survives for up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to 2-3 days on plastic and stainless- steel surfaces. Findings suggest the virus might last longer on door handles, plastic coated or laminated work tops and hard surfaces.
The US Environmental protection Agency (EPA) has published a list of disinfectants and active ingredients that can be used against COVID strains.
Infection risk from COVID-19 decreases over time. It is not clear at what point there is no risk. Studies from other viruses in the same family suggest that the risk is likely to reduce significantly after 72 hours.
Frequently touched surfaces to be decontaminated will include the following:
• Desktops and hard surfaces
• Doorknob, door plates and handles
• Light switches
• Computer Keyboards and mousses
• Telephone equipment
• Canteen Furniture
• Sinks and kitchens
• Toilets – Taps/ Flushers/Dispensers
• Water fountains
• Vending Machines
• Lifts and Escalators
Fogging is used in conjunction with touch point cleaning and disinfecting the premises.
• Fogging after cleaning and disinfecting the premises will ensure those parts which is most often into contact with people are covered with a protective layer of probiotics that will continue to kill bacteria, fungi and viruses
• Fogging all rooms, corridors and Air inlets of air ducts of the air-conditioning systems
• Fogging leaves your premises as infection free as possible
• Reopening of the premises after 6 hours of treatment.
• Disposable gloves
• Long sleeve gowns
• Eye goggle or face shields
• N95 disposable masks
Hands should be washed with soap and water for 20 seconds after PPE has been removed.
• Biofilm is colonies of bacteria, yeast and Fungi that live on almost all surfaces
• Biofilm acts as a protective home for Bacteria, yeast, fungi
• You need a cleaner that can penetrate the biofilm- Kill the bad stuff and leave the good stuff.
• Conventional cleaning products are not only dangerous to our health they are also not effective against biofilms
• Probiotics are Allergy free, Alcohol free, non-toxic, echo friendly, Biodegradable and effective against biofilms
Public areas where Asymptomatic individuals has passed through and spend minimal time, such as corridors, can be cleaned thoroughly as normal.
All other surfaces or areas where Asymptomatic individuals has come into contact with must be cleaned and disinfected.
Potentially contaminated areas would be door handles, telephones, furniture, grabrails in corridors and stairwells and bathrooms.
Use disposable cloths and mop heads to clean all hard surfaces, floors, chairs, door handles and sanitary fittings.
Use fully disposable cleaning and disinfecting wipes or a combination detergent solution at a dilution of 1000ppm chlorine
Household deterrent followed by disinfection (1000ppm av.cl). Follow the manufacturer’s instruction for dilution, application and contact times for all detergents and disinfectants.
Avoid splashes and spray when you clean.
Any clothing and mop heads used must be disposed of and should be put into waste bags, double bagged and tied with a cable tie.
When items cannot be cleaned with detergents or laundered e.g. Upholstered furniture, steam cleaning should be used.
Do not shake laundry, this minimizes the risk of dispersing the virus through the air.
Use the warmest water setting. Hot water cycle at 70’C for at least 25 minutes. If low temperatures less than 70% laundry cycles are used, choose a product that is suitable for low temperature washing.
Clean and disinfect anything used for transporting the laundry with your usual products in line with the cleaning guidelines.
Waste from possible cases and cleaning:
• Should be put in plastic refuse bags and tried up when full.
• Place bags in a second bag and tie up.
• Waste should be stored safely for 72 hours and then put with normal waste.
• Gloves should be removed and discarded if they become soiled or damaged and a new pair worn.
• Disinfection can be limited to specific locations within the facility were the infected individual spend time or was likely to have contacted.
• All disinfectants should be used according to the manufacturer’s guidelines.
• Soak cloths and mop heads etc. with the disinfectant or chlorine solution.
• Avoid spray applications which may create splashed and further spread of the virus.
• Wipe tabletops, desks, benches or other horizontal surfaces with human contact with the disinfectant or prepared chlorine solution in the beginning and the end of the cleaning.
• Remove curtains, quilts, fabrics, pillows and cushions for washing, preferably using a hot water cycle.
• For hot water cycles with a detergent or disinfectant in water at 70”c for at least 25 minutes. If low temperatures less than 70’C laundry cycles are used chose a product that is suitable for low temperature washings.
• Arrange steam cleaning of any carpets of furniture that cannot be washed.
• Disinfect non- porous cleaning equipment by soaking in disinfections or chlorine solution before using it in the next room.
• Dispose of all disposable cloths and mop heads. New cloths and Mop heads must be used for each room.
• Double bag all cloths, mop heads, disposable gowns and gowns and gloves. Seal bag with a cable tie. Wear a new pair of gloves for handling the bag.
• Waste should be disposed of upon completion according with local country regulations.
• When diluting concentrated products unsafely, the user increases their exposure.
• They are at risk of breathing the fumes or absorbing the liquid through the skin.
• If the wrong chemicals are mixed, they can react and form a toxic gas.
• If chemicals are not correctly diluted, then the health effects of using people using the product, or the people occupying the space, especially children, increase.
• You can prevent these risks by using Echo friendly, Non-Toxic, Non-Allergic, Biodegradable Probiotics.
- Care of the physical environment is especially important when caring for children
- Children are more exposed to germs and toxic chemicals (for their size) than adults
- Children breath 4-6times more air than adults and they breath close to the ground.
- Children has more skin contact with the floor because of their size and behaviour. This means they can absorb more pollutants that concentrate on the floor, through their skin.
- Children’s hand and mouth behaviour means they eat more dust. Dust may contain Toxic cleaning chemicals form cleaning products.
- Mouthing objects is more common in young children.
- Young developing children are less able to get rid of toxic substances
- Exposure to such substances can cause health problems.
- Research have shown that with using probiotic cleaning agents, the products are effective in deep cleaning.
- Probiotics penetrate the biofilm and kill harmful microbes, without using chemical toxins.
- Probiotics are allergy free, alcohol free, non- toxic, echo friendly, bio- degradable and effective to penetrate biofilm
There are multiple reasons why our bacteria is great at dropping the populations of unwanted pathogenic bacteria. And why our bacteria take over the environment and restricts the growth of other unwanted bugs.
Why our bacteria will assist and reduce pathogenic bacteria growth:
1. Competitive exclusion (our bacteria is stronger and better. It competes for the same environment/food source eventually dominating or taking over)
In ecology, the competitive exclusion principle, sometimes referred to as Gause’s law, When two species competing for the same limiting resource they cannot coexist at constant population values. When one species has even the slightest advantage over another, the one with the advantage will dominate in the long term. This leads either to the extinction of the weaker competitor or to an evolutionary or behavioural shift toward a different ecological niche.
2. Our bacteria are spore forming. (most pathogenic bacteria do not have the ability to sporulate and take long periods to multiply. Our bacteria multiply every 20minutes.)Even when the area has no more substrate to be consumed our bacteria will wait for the reintroduction of a food source and continue to dominate the area.
3. Quorum sensing (inhibits other bacteria from growing in the same area – especially pathogenic bacteria)
In biology, quorum sensing is the ability to detect and to respond to cell population density by gene regulation. As one example, quorum sensing enables bacteria to restrict the expression of specific genes to the high cell densities at which the resulting phenotypes will be most beneficial. Many species of bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate gene expression according to the density of their local population. In similar fashion, some social insects use quorum sensing to determine where to nest.
4. Secondary metabolites (bacillus bacteria produce an anti-microbial secondary metabolite with limits the growth of other bacteria)
Secondary metabolites are organic compounds produced by bacteria, fungi, or plants which are not directly involved in the normal growth, development, or reproduction of the organism. Unlike primary metabolites, absence of secondary metabolites does not result in immediate death, but rather in long-term impairment of the organism’s survivability, fecundity, or aesthetics, or perhaps in no significant change at all. Specific secondary